田邉祐司ゼミ 常時英心:言葉の森から


bespeak 復習


 記事の中で気になった単語は"bespeak"です。『Wisdom英和辞典第三版』(三省堂)で調べると「〘やや古・文〙<行動が><性質・感情・経験など>を物語る, 示す,…を事前に注文[予約]する」などという意味がありました。Oxford Dictionaries.com"Order or reserve (something) in advance"と定義されております。個人に合わせたオーダーメイド治療を"bespoke treatment"と表しているのだと思います(Bespoke medicine | New Scientist)。オーダーメイド治療は,他にも"personalised medicine"(Bespoke medicine | New Scientist)や"Tailored medicine"(Tailored medicine: whom will it fit? The ethics of patient and disease stratification. - PubMed - NCBI)などの表現が使われるようです。(Ume)

Scientists 'find cancer's Achilles heel'

Scientists believe they have discovered a way to "steer" the immune system to kill cancers.

Researchers at University College, London have developed a way of finding unique markings within a tumour - its "Achilles heel" - allowing the body to target the disease.

But the personalised method, reported in Science journal, would be expensive and has not yet been tried in patients.

Experts said the idea made sense but could be more complicated in reality.

However, the researchers, whose work was funded by Cancer Research UK, believe their discovery could form the backbone of new treatments and hope to test it in patients within two years.

They believe by analysing the DNA, they'll be able to develop bespoke treatment.

People have tried to steer the immune system to kill tumours before, but cancer vaccines have largely flopped.

One explanation is that they are training the body's own defences to go after the wrong target.