"Composite Report on three Korean Navy Civilians List No. 78, dated 28 March 1945, "Special Questions on Koreans" (U.S. National Archives)."
Date: Tue, 14 Aug 2007 14:26:20 -0400
From: "WXXXXX MXXXXXX" <wXXXXX.mXXXXXX@nara.gov>
Subject: Composite Report
August 14, 2007
We were unable to locate the report among the records in our custody.
Modern Military Records
Textual Archives Services Division
To Whom May it Concern,
I would like to know about a document titled "Composite Report on three Korean Navy Civilians List No. 78, dated 28 March 1945, "Special Questions on Koreans" (U.S. National Archives)."
According to a book titled "Ianfu To Senjo No Sei ("Comfort Women" and Sex in the Battlefields)", which was written by a famous historian in Japan, Professor Ikuhiko Hata, the document includes several statements of three Korean civilian employee captured on the Tinian Island in the summer of 1944, one of whom was Li Pak Do.
Professor Hata didn't show their statements in English, but one of the statements includes the words, "prostitutes", "volunteer", and "direct conscription." (see Ikuhiko Hata, "Ianfu To Senjo No sei", 1999 Shinco-sha. pp 380-381)
In a report titled "The Truth about the Question of "Comfort Women"", its author Mr. Yoshiaki Ogata extracted the document as follows.
Additionally, in 1945, in depositions of three Korean civilians in the employment of the Japanese Army, they stated “In the battle zones of the Pacific War, the Korean comfort women we met were all either volunteers, or women who had been sold by their parents. If any of the women had been victims of coercion, all Koreans, young and old, would have risen up in rage, regardless of whatever retaliation, and killed the Japanese.” This is taken from “Composite Report Three Korean Civilians List No. 78,” dated 28 March, 1945, “Special Questions on Koreans” (U.S. National Archives).
Quite interestingly, from the title of the document Mr. Ogata presented, a word "Navy" had been dropped, although he referred the Professor Hata's book as you can see references at the end of his report.
Moreover, on February 16, 2007, Mr. Hideaki Kase, the chairman of a private organization, Society the Dissemination of Historical Fact, sent an open letter to Representative Mike Honda, which said as follows.
The second can be found in depositions taken from three Korean civilian employees of the Japanese army, who stated the following: In the battle zones of the Pacific War, the Korean comfort women we met were all either volunteers, or women who had been sold by their parents. If the women had been victims of coercion, all the Koreans both young and old would have risen up in rage, and regardless of whatever retaliation, killed the Japanese (from Composite Report on Three Korean Civilians, List No. 78, dated 28 March 1945, “Special Question on Koreans” in the U.S. National Archives).
More interestingly, the extracted sentences have slightly differed from the ones Mr. Ogaka presented earlier in time, although the title of the document quoted was same, which meant it was different from its title Professor Hata initially presented in his book.
As you may know, the so-called "comfort women" issue has been quite mainly politically controversial in Japan, and a Congress resolution on this issue to ask the Japanese Government to "formally acknowledge, apologize, and accept historical responsibility in a clear and unequivocal manner for its Imperial Armed Force's coercion of young women into sexual slavery, known to the world as `comfort women', during its colonial and wartime occupation of Asia and the Pacific Islands from the 1930s through the duration of World War II." The resolution set off numerous emotional reactions from politicians, professors, and activists with right-wing and/or revisionism backgrounds in Japan. Not only I but also many other Japanese who know what the Imperial Japanese Army explicitly enforced many Asian women into sexual slavery for the soldiers, and we have really worried their movements, which will lead, distort and even whitewash historical facts and a numbers of war crimes committed by the Imperial Japanese Army.
I would be very grateful if you give me some information on this document. If we confirm that it really exists and come to correctly know what it says, that will greatly help we Japanese to understand the facts about "comfort women" and to know what the Japanese Government and/or Japanese people should do for these ladies, realizing what they have wanted us to do, I believe.
Thank you for your patience for having read my bad English.
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