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sinds 9 januari 2005

12-01-2018 オーストラリア生物地理学の歴史

[]『Reinvention of Australasian Biogeography: Reform, Revolt and Rebellion

Malte C. Ebach

(2017年1月刊行,CSIRO Publishing, Clayton, ISBN:9781486304837 [pbk] → 版元ページ

【目次】

Foreword v

Prologue x

Acknowledgements xii


Chapter 1: Studying the distribution of life on Earth 1

The search for natural biotic areas 2

Cladistics: the search for natural taxa and their relationships 3

Cladistic biogeography: the search for natural areas and their relationships 10

What is an area? Establishing the cladistic biogeographic method 11

How to do cladistic biogeography (or how to start reforming) 14

Reform and the three phases of biogeography 18

Chapter 2: Biogeography comes to Australasia 21

Biological classification and biogeography: a condensed history 21

The two area classifications: the triumph of Humboldt's plant geography 22

Australian biogeography: flora, fauna, elements and biomes 25

The need for testable hypotheses 41

Chapter 3: Carving up Australasia: the quest for natural biogeographic regions 45

Is New Zealand a zoological region? 46

Are Australia’s regions artificial? 49

Reinvention thesis and bioregionalisation 54

Chapter 4: The spectre of cladism: cladistics in the Land of Oz 67

The cladistics war 67

Early Australasian practitioners and critics of numerical cladistics 70

Transformed cladistics in the Land of Oz 74

Cladistics in Australian palaeontology 85

Chapter 5: A new biogeography: the panbiogeography revolt in New Zealand 89

Panbiogeography: Earth and life evolving together 89

The development of panbiogeography in New Zealand (1978–1989) 91

Panbiogeography and its reformation 98

Chapter 6: Goodbye Gondwana: the drowning of Zealandia and the rise of neodispersalism 107

New Zealand: archipelago, island continent or oceanic island? 107

The New Zealand drowning hypothesis: towards an integrative biogeography 121

Integrative biogeography: an undisciplined discipline? 128

Chapter 7: All possible futures 133

Entering the analytical phase: testing the link between evidence and hypothesis 133

Extending Ball's criteria: invasions, drowning and neodispersalism 136

Towards the analytical phase and biogeographic discovery 137

A future of Australasian biogeography ending the cycle of reinvention 140

Framing biogeographic problems using the taxonomy analogy 145


Glossary 146

Endnotes 148

References 154

Index 173

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