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はてな読み

2016-12-13

英語の「言い換え」リスト


ややこしい シンプル
a great deal of much
a large number of many, most (or say how many)
a little less than almost
a measure of an amount of something good or something that you want
a majority of most
a number of several, many, some
a percentage of some (or say what percentage)
a period of several weeks several weeks
a small number of a few
a sufficient number enough
abundance enough, plenty, a lot (or say how many)
accede to allow, agree to
accelerate speed up
accentuate stress
accommodation where you live, home
accompanying with
accomplish do, finish
accorded given
according to our records our records show
according to the law legally
accordingly in line with this, so
accumulate gather
acknowledge thank you for
acquaint tell
acquaint yourself with find out about, read
acquiesce agree
acquire buy, get
activate begin, start
add an additional add
additional extra, more, added
adequate number of enough
adjacent next to
adjustment change, alteration
administer manage, give
admissible allowed, acceptable
admit of allow
advantageous useful, helpful
advert refer
advise tell, say (unless you are giving advice)
affirmative yes
affix add, write, fasten, stick on, fix to
afford an opportunity allow, permit, let
afforded given
aforesaid this, earlier in this document
aggregate total
aligned lined up, in line
all of a sudden suddenly
all of the all the
alleviate ease, reduce
allocate divide, share, add, give
along the lines of like, as in
alternative choice, other
alternatively or, on the other hand
ameliorate improve, help
amendment change
an absence of no, none
anticipate expect
anything but far from, by no means
apparent clear, plain, obvious, seeming
appear seem
appliance equipment
applicant (the) you
application use
appreciable large, great
apprise inform, tell
appropriate proper, right, suitable
appropriate to suitable for
approximately about, roughly
as a consequence of because
as a general rule generally
as a matter of fact in fact (or omit)
as a means of to
as of now now
as of the date of from
as regards about, on the subject of
as to about
as to whether about whether
ascertain find out
assemble build, gather, put together
assist, assistance help
assistance help
at a later date later
at all times always
at an early date soon (or say when)
at hand here
at its discretion can, may (or edit out)
at present now
at regular intervals of time regularly
at that point in time then
at the conclusion of at the end of
at the moment now (or edit out)
at the present time now (or edit out)
at the rear of behind
at the time that when
at this time, at this point in time now
at which time then
attains the age of becomes
attach importance to think (sth) is important
attempt (as a verb) try
attend come to, go to, be at
attributable to due to, because of
authorise allow, let
authority right, power, may (as in ‘have the authority to’)
axiomatic obvious, goes without saying
based on the fact that due to/because
belated late
beneficial helpful, useful
bestow give, award
beyond a shadow of doubt no doubt
bottom line result
breach break
bring to a conclusion conclude
brought to a sudden halt halted
businessman businessperson, professional
by means of by
by reason of because of
by the use of by
by virtue of by, under
by way of illustration for example
calculate compute
came to a stop stopped
category kind, class, group
cause it to be done have it done
cease finish, stop, end
chairman chair, chairperson
check into check
circumvent get round, avoid, skirt, circle
clarification explanation, help
cognizance knowledge
combine mix
combined together
come to an end end
commence start, begin
commitment promise
communicate talk, write, telephone (be specific)
compensation pay
competent able, can
compile make, collect
complete fill in, fill out, finish
completion end
comply with keep to, meet, follow
component part
comprise make up, include
conceal hide
concerning about, on
concerning the matter of about, concerning
conclusion end
concur agree
condition rule
conduct an investigation investigate
consequence result
consequently so
considerable great, important
constitute make up, form
construct build
construe interpret
consult talk to, meet, ask
consummate bring about, complete
consumption amount used
contemplate think about
contiguous to next to
contingent upon if
continue keep up
contrary to against, despite
contribute give
correct put right
correspond write
cost the sum of cost
costs the sum of costs
counter against
courteous polite
cumulative added up, added together
currently now (or edit out)
customary usual, normal
customary practice practice
deduct take off, take away
deem consider, think
deem to be treat as
defer put off, delay
deficiency lack of
delete cross out
demonstrate show, prove
denote show
depict show
designate point out, show, name
desire wish, want
despatch or dispatch send, post
despite the fact that although, even though
detailed information details
determine decide, work out, set, end
detrimental harmful, damaging
dialogue discussion, conversation
difficulties problems
diminish lessen, reduce
disburse pay, pay out
discharge carry out
disclose tell, show
disconnect cut off, unplug
discontinue stop, end
discrete separate
discuss talk about
disseminate send, distribute, spread
do not think less of… think much of…
documentation papers, documents
does not operate to does not
domiciled in living in
dominant main
donate give
draw to a close end
due to the fact of because, as
due to the fact that because, although,
duration time, life
during such time as during, while
during the course of during
during the period from from
during the time that during, while
during which time while
dwelling home
economical cheap, good value
edifice building
effect make
effectuate bring about, carry out
elect choose, pick
eligible allowed, qualified
eliminate remove, strike out
elucidate explain, make clear
emphasise stress
employment work
empower allow, let
enable allow
enclosed inside, with
encounter meet
encourage urge
endeavour try
enquire ask
enquiry question
ensuing following
ensure make sure, follow
enter (on a form) write
enter into a contract with contract with
entitlement right
envisage expect, imagine
equivalent equal, the same
erroneous wrong
establish show, find out, set up
evaluate test, check
evince show, prove
ex officio because of his or her position
exceptionally only when, in this case
excessive too many, too much
excessive number of too many
exclude leave out
excluding apart from, except
exclusively only
execute sign
exempt from free from
exhibit a tendency to tend to
expedite hasten, hurry, speed up
expeditiously as soon as possible, quickly
expend spend
expenditure spending
expiration end
expire run out
explicit plain
extant current, in force
extremity limit
fabricate make, make up
facilitate help, make possible, make easy
factor reason
failed to did not
failure to if you do not
feasible possible
few in number few
fewer in number fewer
finalise end, finish
fireman fire fighter
first and foremost the most important is
following after
for a period of for
for the duration of during, while
for the purpose of to, for
for the reason that because, since
foreman supervisor, lead
formulate plan, devise, work out, form
forthwith now, at once, immediately
forward send
frequently often
from the point of view of for
from time to time occasionally
furnish give
further to after, following
furthermore then, also, and
generate produce, give, make
give authorization authorize
give consideration to consider, think about
grant give
handyman caretaker, repairer
have regard to take into account
hence so
henceforth from now on, from today
hereafter after this takes effect
hereby now, by this (or edit out)
herein here (or edit out)
hereinafter after this (or edit out)
hereof of this
hereto to this
heretofore until now, previously, before this takes effect
hereunder below
herewith with this (or edit out)
hitherto until now
hold in abeyance wait, postpone
hope and trust hope, trust (but not both)
hopefully I hope
hostess host
housewife homemaker
I would appreciate it if you would please
if and when if, when (but not both)
if at all possible if possible
if that were the case if so
illustrate show, explain
immediately at once, now
implement carry out, do
imply suggest, hint at
in a number of cases some (or say how many)
in a position to can
in a satisfactory manner satisfactorily
in accordance with as under, in line with, because of, by, under, on
in addition (to) and, as well as, also, besides
in advance before
in an effort to to
in as much as since, because
in back of behind
in case of if
in close proximity near, close
in conjunction with and, with
in connection with for, about, with, concering
in consequence because, as a result
in consideration of the fact because
in different language in other words
in excess of more than
in favour of for
in lieu of instead of, in place of
in light of the fact that because
in many cases often
in most cases usually
in order that so that
in order to to
in other words or, that is
in possession of have
in receipt of get, have, receive
in reference to about, concerning
in regard to about, concerning
in relation to about, concerning
in respect of about, for
in respect to about, concerning
in short supply scarce
in such a manner as to to
in terms of in, of
in the absence of without
in the amount of of, for
in the course of while, during
in the event of/that if
in the event that should, if, when
in the first place first
in the instance of for
in the interest of for
in the majority of instances most, mostly, usually, generally
in the matter of about
in the nature of like
in the near future soon
in the neighbourhood of about, around
in the possession of has, have
in the proximity of about, nearly
in the vicinity of around, near, close to
in this case here
in view of the fact that as, because
inappropriate wrong, unsuitable
inception start, beginning
incorporating which includes
incurred have to pay, owe
indicate show, suggest
inform tell
initial first
initially at first
initiate begin, start
input comments, opinion
inquire ask
insert put in
inside of inside
instances cases
institute begin, start
insufficient not enough
intend to will
interrogate question
intimate say, hint
irrespective of despite, even if
is able to can
is authorized to may
is binding upon binds
is defined as is
is empowered to may
is entitled is called
is in accordance with agrees with, follows
is of the opinion thinks
is unable to cannot
issue give, send
it has always been that… always
it is apparent that apparently
it is clear that clearly
it is compulsory (you) must
it is directly will
it is evident that evidently
it is known that I/we know that
it is mandatory (you) must
it is my intention to I will
it is obligatory (you) must
it is obvious that obviously
it is often the case that often
it is probable that probably
it is the duty will
it shall be lawful may
it will be necessary will need to
it would appear that apparently
jeopardise risk, threaten
keep an eye on watch
last of all last
law passed law enacted
loan (as a verb) lend
locality place, area
locate find, put
location place
magnitude size
mailman letter carrier
maintenance upkeep
major portion of most of
majority of most
make application to apply
make contact with see, meet
make the acquaintance of meet
man (as a verb) staff, operate
man/men (as a noun) humans, people,
man-days/hours worker-days/hours
mankind people, humans, humankind
man-made synthetic, artificial, hand-made
manner way
manpower workers, workforce, staff,
manufacture make
marginal small, slight
material relevant
materialise happen, occur, appear
maximum most, largest, longest, greatest
may in the future may, might, could
merchandise goods
middleman go-between, facilitator,
minimum least, smallest
mislay lose
modification change
modify change
month of July July
moreover and, also, as well, next
necessitate need
negative no
negligible very small
negotiate make
nevertheless but, however, even so
newsman reporter, journalist
no later than June 30 before July 1
notify tell, let us/you know
notwithstanding even if, despite, still, yet
notwithstanding the fact that although…
numerous many (or say how many)
objective aim, goal
obligate bind
obligation debt
obtain get, receive
occasion (as a verb) cause
occasioned by caused by, because of
of a technical nature technical
of no mean ability capable
of the opinion believe
on a daily basis daily, every day
on a few occasions occasionally
on a weekly basis weekly, every week
on account of because
on an ongoing basis continually
on and after July 1 after June 30
on behalf of for
on his/her own application at his/her request
on numerous occasions often
on or before June 30 before July 1
on receipt of when we/you get
on request if you ask
on the basis of by, from, because of
on the grounds that because
on the occasion that when, if
on the part of by
once in a while occasionally
ongoing continuing
operate work, run
optimum best, ideal, greatest, most
option choice
or, in the alternative or
ordinarily normally, usually
otherwise or
output product
outstanding unpaid
owing to because of
owing to the fact that because
parameter boundary, limit
partially partly
participate join in, take part
particulars details, facts
pending until
per annum a year
per annum, per day, per foot a year, a day,
per centum percent
perform do
period of time period, time
permissible allowed
permit let, allow
personnel people, staff
persons people, anyone
pertaining to of, about
peruse read, read carefully, look at
physical force violence
place put
please find enclosed I enclose
policeman police officer
portion part
possess have, own
possessions belongings
practically almost, nearly
predominant main
prepared to offer can offer, offer
prescribe set, fix
presently soon
preserve keep, protect
previous earlier, before, last
principal main
prior earlier
prior to before
prioritize rank
proceed go ahead
procure get, obtain, arrange
profusion of plenty, too many (or say how many)
prohibit ban, stop
prohibited from may not
projected estimated
prolonged long
promptly quickly, at once
promulgate advertise, announce, issue
proportion part
prosecute its business do business
provide give
provided that if, as long as
provision of law law
provisions rules, terms
proximity closeness, nearness
purchase buy
pursuant to under, because of, in line with
qualify for can get, be able to get
range all the way from range from
receipt of receive
reconsider think again about, look again at
reduce cut
reduction cut
refer back refer
refer to talk about, mention
referred to as called
regarding about, on
regulation rule
reimburse repay, pay back
reiterate repeat, restate
relating to about
remain stay
remainder the rest, what is left
remittance payment
remuneration pay, wages, salary
render make, give, send
repairman repairer, technician
reported to the effect reported
represent show, stand for, be
represents is
request ask, question
require need, want, force
requirements needs, rules
reside live
residence home, where you live
respecting about
restriction limit
retain keep
review look at (again)
revise downward lower, decrease
revised new, changed
said, same, such the, this, that
salesgirl, saleslady sales clerk/person/
salesman sales clerk/person/
scrutinise read (look at) carefully
sections 20 to 94 inclusive sections 20 to 94
seldom if ever rarely
select choose
settle pay
shall will
shows a preference for prefers
similarly also, in the same way
since the time that since
solely only
specified given, written, set
spokesman spokesperson
started off with started with
state say, tell us, write down
statutory legal, by law
stewardess flight attendant
strategize plan
subject to depending on, under, keeping to
submit send, give
subsequent next
subsequent to after, later
subsequent to/upon after
subsequently later
substantial large, great, a lot of
substantially more or less
sufficient enough
sufficient number of enough
summon send for, call
supplement go with, add to
supplementary extra, more
supply give, sell, delivery
sustain suffer, keep going
terminate stop, end
that being the case if so
that is to say that is
the fact that (omit)
the foregoing the, this, that
the fullest possible extent mostly, completely
the manner in which how
the only difference being that except that
the present time now
the question as to whether whether
the tenant you
there is no doubt but that there is no doubt but that.. doubtless, no doubt
thereafter then, afterwards
thereby by that, because of that
therein in that, there
thereof of that
thereto to that
this is a person who this person
this is a subject that this subject
this is a topic that this topic
this is an (instance, case, situation) which this is an (instance, case, situation) which.......
through the use of by
thus so, therefore, that way
to be sure of course
to date so far, up to now
to liaise with to meet with, to discuss with, to work with
to progress something (replace with a more precise phrase saying)
to the extent that if, when
tradesman trades person
transfer change, move
transmit send
transpire happen
ultimately in the end, finally
unavailability lack of
under circumstances in which although,
under the provisions of under
undernoted the following
undersigned I, we
undertake agree, promise, do
uniform same, similar
unilateral one-sided, one-way
unoccupied empty
until such time until
until such time as until
utilisation use
utilise use
utilization use
utilize, employ use
variation change
verbose wordy
viable possible
virtually almost (or edit out)
visualise see, predict, imagine
voluminous bulky
waitress waiter, server
watchman security guard
ways and means ways
we have pleasure in we are glad to
weatherman weather forecaster,
whatsoever whatever, what, any
whensoever when
whereas but
whether or not whether
with a view to to, so that
with effect from from
with reference to for, about, concerning
with regard to for, about, concerning
with respect to about, for, on
with the exception of except
with the minimum of delay quickly (or say when)
with the object of to
with the result that so that
workman worker
you are requested please
your attention is drawn please see, please note
zone area, region
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