英字新聞 (読売、毎日、朝日、英字新聞の社説を学習研究 )

2015-05-20

(社説)復帰の日 沖縄を孤立させぬ覚悟

--The Asahi Shimbun, May 16
EDITORIAL: 43 years on, Okinawa still forced to serve mainland's interest
(社説)復帰の日 沖縄を孤立させぬ覚悟

May 15 marked the anniversary of Okinawa’s return to Japan 43 years ago. Never has the anniversary arrived amid such acute tension between Okinawa Prefecture and the central government.
 沖縄が日本に復帰して、きのうで43年。今年ほど沖縄と政府の関係が緊張するなかで迎えた「復帰の日」はないだろう。

Flying in the face of strong opposition from many people in Okinawa, the Abe administration is forging ahead with preparations for the relocation of the U.S. Marine Corps Air Station Futenma from the crowded city of Ginowan to the Henoko area of Nago, another city in the island prefecture.
 米軍普天間飛行場(宜野湾市)の名護市辺野古への移設準備を、多くの県民の反対を顧みず、政府が推し進めている。

The government and Japan’s mainlanders should heed the voices of Okinawa, which has been pivotal to the support of national security since the end of World War II in 1945 by bearing the heavy burden of hosting the vast bulk of U.S. military bases in this country. The Japanese people should not allow Okinawa to become isolated.
 戦後70年間、基地負担にあえぎながらも日本の安全保障を支えてきた沖縄の訴えに耳を傾けるべきで、国民は沖縄を孤立させてはならない。

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga and Defense Minister Gen Nakatani, met separately with Okinawa Governor Takeshi Onaga in April and May for the first time since Onaga came to office in December. The three top government officials refused to hold talks with Onaga until then.
 昨年12月に翁長雄志氏が知事に就任して以来、会うことを拒んできた菅義偉官房長官、安倍晋三首相、中谷元防衛相の政府首脳3人との会談が、ようやく4月、5月に実現した。

Onaga’s remarks about Okinawa’s postwar history made in those meetings underscored Okinawa’s determination to reject the Futenma relocation plan.
その機会に翁長氏が発した言葉が、沖縄の強い意思を明確に示した。

Onaga talked about how the U.S. military, when it governed Okinawa before its reversion to Japan, seized local people’s land forcibly to build bases by using “bayonets and bulldozers.”
 復帰前の米軍統治下、基地建設のために「銃剣とブルドーザー」で土地を強制収用されたこと。

The Okinawa governor also spoke about Paul Caraway, the high commissioner of the U.S. Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands during the early 1960s, who once declared that Okinawan self-government is nothing but a legend.
自治権拡大を「神話」と言い放ったキャラウェイ高等弁務官のこと。

Onaga also referred to the 1956 U.S. attempt for an effective blanket purchase of the local land leased for bases, made in line with what is known as the “Price Recommendations” by Rep. Melvin Price, who chaired a special subcommittee of the Armed Services Committee.
軍用地の一括買い上げを狙ったプライス勧告のこと。

Onaga’s words awakened bitter memories about these historical facts that still linger in the minds of the people in Okinawa and highlighted parallels between these incidents and the Abe administration’s approach to the Futenma issue.
翁長氏は県民にわだかまる記憶を次々とすくい上げ、現政権と二重写しにしてみせた。

Onaga’s remarks expressed anger about how the central government has continued to ignore Okinawa’s determined opposition to the base relocation plan, which was made clear in three elections last year--the Nago mayoral election, the gubernatorial poll and the Lower House election. They also indicated that Okinawa’s actions against the administration’s efforts to carry out the plan are similar in nature to Okinawa’s fight for the right of self-government under U.S. military rule.
 翁長氏の発言は、昨年の名護市長選、県知事選、総選挙と繰り返し示された辺野古移設反対の民意が無視され続けていることへの怒り、そして今の沖縄の政府に向けた行動が米軍政下の自治権獲得闘争と同質であるとの見解の表明である。

In his meeting with Nakatani, Onaga recounted an episode about his discussions on the issue with an Upper House member of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party two years ago when he was the mayor of Naha. Onaga severely criticized the mainland’s mind-set by telling Nakatani that the LDP politician said Okinawa should accept the new base because the mainland refused to accept it. The LDP lawmaker also said to Onaga, “Let us stop futile discussions.”
 中谷防衛相との会談では、翁長氏が那覇市長時代の2年前、自民党の参院議員から「本土が(基地受け入れを)嫌だと言っているのだから、沖縄が受けるのは当たり前だ。不毛な議論はやめよう」という言葉を投げかけられた経験を明かし、本土側の意識を痛烈に批判した。

It is notable that the series of meetings between Onaga and the top administration officials have aroused sympathy for Okinawa among the Japanese public.
 一連の会談をきっかけに、国内世論が次第に沖縄に共感を示し始めたことは注目される。

In a clutch of opinion polls recently conducted by The Asahi Shimbun and other media, more respondents than before expressed critical views about the administration’s stance toward the issue.
朝日新聞など多くの報道機関の世論調査でも、政府の姿勢を評価しないとする声が増えた。

The mainland public’s interest in the problem appears to be growing, as indicated by internationally acclaimed animation director Hayao Miyazaki’s decision to co-head a fund set up by prefectural assembly members and local businesses to protest the plan to move the air base to Henoko.
 移設阻止を訴えるために県議や地元経済界が設立した「辺野古基金」の共同代表に映画監督の宮崎駿氏らが就くなど、問題への関心が高まっている。

Onaga plans to make his case to a broad international audience, including the U.S. government.
 翁長知事は今後、米政府をはじめ国際世論にも広く働きかける戦略を描く。

Okinawa’s wish to be treated equally as the mainland has been consistently denied, even after its return to Japan.
 復帰後も、「本土並み」という願いは踏みにじられてきた。

Chobyo Yara, the last chief executive of the government of the Ryukyu Islands under U.S. administration and the first governor of the prefecture after the return of Okinawa, once said. “Okinawa must not be victimized again as a means of the state.”
 「沖縄が再び国の手段として犠牲になってはならない」。琉球政府主席で復帰直後の沖縄県知事、屋良朝苗(やらちょうびょう)氏はこう訴えたという。

One serious question Japanese mainlanders should ask themselves now is whether they are again trying to victimize Okinawa for the mainland’s interests.
今またわれわれは沖縄を犠牲にしようとしていないか。本土の国民は改めてこの問いを受け止める必要がある。

2015-05-17

中国の軍事開発 地域の安定脅かす「砂の長城」

The Yomiuri Shimbun
China jeopardizes regional stability by building ‘Great Wall of sand’
中国の軍事開発 地域の安定脅かす「砂の長城」

China is accelerating its land reclamation in the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea, a move that is jeopardizing the stability of the region.
 中国が南シナ海・スプラトリー(南沙)諸島で、岩礁埋め立てを加速させている。地域の安定を脅かす行為だ。

The U.S. Defense Department’s recently released annual report on China’s military strength mentioned for the first time that country’s reclamation of land in the South China Sea, which has been described as the building of “a Great Wall of sand.” The report expressed concern that the reclaimed land around rocks and reefs in the waters would create “persistent civil-military bases of operation.”
 中国の軍事力に関する米国防総省の年次報告書が、「砂の長城」建設と呼ばれる埋め立て作業に初めて言及した。岩礁が「永続的な軍民活動拠点になる」とも指摘している。

As of late last year, China had already begun constructing harbors, communication facilities and an airfield at four of the five reclaimed outposts in the Spratly Islands.
 昨年末の時点で、5か所の埋め立て地のうち4か所で港や通信施設、飛行場などの建設に入っていた。

A Pentagon official said the total acreage of the reclaimed area had grown to about eight square kilometers, quadrupling in size over about four months.
米当局者は、その後の4か月で埋め立て地の面積が4倍の約8平方キロに拡大した、と述べた。

China is reclaiming land at an extraordinarily fast pace. It is clearly trying to create a fait accompli by unilaterally expanding its control over territories disputed with such neighboring countries as the Philippines.
 異様に速いペースだ。フィリピンなどとの係争地で自国の支配を一方的に拡張し、既成事実化を図る中国の狙いは明白である。

It is quite reasonable that the report criticizes China’s “willingness to tolerate a higher level of regional tension” to advance its interests.
 報告書が中国を「地域の緊張を高めるのをいとわない」と批判するのは、もっともだ。

China defends its move to reclaim land in the disputed waters as intended to safeguard its territorial sovereignty, but this claim is excessively self-serving. It is commonly recognized among countries concerned that China’s territorial claims — which assert that its sovereignty covers almost all the area in the South China Sea — have no basis under international law.
 中国は、埋め立てを「領土や主権を守る行動」と正当化するが、独善的にすぎる。南シナ海のほぼ全体に自国の主権が及ぶとする中国の主張に国際法上の根拠がないのは、関係国の共通認識だ。

The prevailing view is that China’s reclamation in the area is part of its preparations for establishing an air-defense identification zone over the South China Sea and securing air supremacy.
 埋め立ては、南シナ海での防空識別圏の設定や制空権確保の準備作業との見方が強い。

Cyberwar capabilities

The report also said it is likely that China’s nuclear submarine, carrying ballistic missiles, will begin its first patrols for nuclear deterrent purposes this year.
核搭載の原子力潜水艦が年内に初の哨戒活動を行う可能性もあるとされる。

It is noteworthy that the report expressed strong alarm over the rapid modernization of China’s military forces, saying “it could potentially reduce the U.S. forces’ core technological advantage.”
 注目すべきは、報告書が中国軍の近代化に対し、「米軍の技術的優位を減じる潜在力がある」として強い危機感を示したことだ。

In the field of space, in particular, the report said China possesses “the most rapidly maturing space program in the world” and that the country continues to develop capabilities designed to limit or prevent the use of space-based assets by its adversaries.
 特に、宇宙分野について、中国が「世界で最も急速に発達した宇宙計画」を持ち、敵の宇宙利用を制限・妨害する能力の開発を続けている、と明記した。

Regarding cyberspace, the report expresses a sense of danger over China’s strengthening of its capabilities to destroy computer networks, as part of its “anti-access and area denial (A2/AD)” strategy to prevent the intervention of U.S. forces in the event of a contingency.
 サイバー分野でも、米軍の有事介入を阻む中国の「接近阻止・領域拒否(A2AD)」戦略の一環として、ネットワーク破壊能力の増強への警戒感を示している。

Close attention must be paid to any progress in China’s military technologies in these newly emerging domains.
 こうした新たな分野における中国の軍事技術の進展について、十分に注視していく必要がある。

Worrisome for Japan is the buildup of equipment for the People’s Liberation Army Navy and Air Force.
 日本にとって懸念されるのは、中国海空軍の装備増強だ。

The report said it was likely that in the next 15 years, China will build multiple domestically produced aircraft carriers and procure Russian-made Sukhoi Su-35s, one of the most advanced fighters in the world. It also said China will likely make progress in the development of stealth strike aircraft in that period.
 報告書は、今後15年で複数の国産空母が建造されるとともに、ロシア製の最新鋭戦闘機スホイ35の調達やステルス戦闘機の開発が進む可能性を指摘している。

Japan and the United States must boost the joint response capabilities of the Self-Defense Forces and U.S. forces, based on recently agreed-upon guidelines on bilateral defense cooperation, and enhance their deterrent against China.
 日米両国は、先に合意した新しい日米防衛協力の指針(ガイドライン)に基づき、自衛隊と米軍の共同対処能力を強化し、中国に対する抑止力を高めるべきだ。

It is also important to cooperate with countries concerned to heighten vigilance and surveillance activities in the East China Sea and the South China Sea, and urge China to refrain from taking any provocative military action.
 関係国とも協調し、東・南シナ海での警戒・監視活動を強めるとともに、中国に軍事的な挑発を自制するよう促すことが大切だ。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, May 14, 2015)

2015-04-06

(社説)安倍政権の激走 「いま」と「わたし」の大冒険

--The Asahi Shimbun, March 29
EDITORIAL: Atmosphere of society lets Abe honk his adventurism horn
(社説)安倍政権の激走 「いま」と「わたし」の大冒険

The essential features of an automobile are to run, to turn and to stop. A balance between the three factors is just as essential in politics.
 走る、曲がる、止まる。
 これは自動車の基本性能だが、政治におきかえてみても、この三つのバランスは重要だ。

“What is sought in this Diet session is not mere back-and-forth criticism,” Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said emphatically during this year’s policy speech while pointing to the opposition gallery. “What is needed is action.”
 「この国会に求められていることは、単なる批判の応酬ではありません。行動です」
 先の施政方針演説で、野党席の方を指しながらこう力を込めた安倍首相。

Certainly, the Abe administration has been driving along so startlingly wild that eyes are readily drawn to the power of its engine and the orientation of its steering wheel. But the eyes should probably be more focused on the brakes than on anything else.
確かに、政権の激走ぶりには目を見張るものがあり、ついエンジンの馬力やハンドルの傾きにばかり気をとられてしまうが、最も注視すべきは、ブレーキだろう。

HEADING FOR SOMEWHERE, BUT NOT HERE
 ■ここでないどこかへ

The Constitution for reining in those in power; lessons of history; self-reflection and self-restraint by those in power; critical reviews of those in power by media and opposition parties. These gadgets have functioned as brakes on Japan’s politics during the seven decades since Japan’s defeat in World War II.
 権力を縛る憲法。歴史の教訓。権力を持つものの自省と自制。メディアや野党による権力の批判的検証――。敗戦から70年の間、これらは日本政治のブレーキとして機能してきた。

But the Abe administration and supporting members of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party apparently believe that these brakes are the culprit for the slow run of this country.
 しかし安倍政権やそれを支える自民党の一部は、ブレーキがあるからこの国の走りが悪くなっていると思い込んでいるようだ。

“You face criticism when you set out on action,” Abe told students of the National Defense Academy during their graduation ceremony. “Irresponsible arguments that are only aimed at stirring up anxiety, such as ‘Japan could be embroiled in war,’ kept recurring in the past. But history of the past 70 years demonstrates how ludicrous those criticisms were.”
「行動を起こせば批判にさらされる。過去も『日本が戦争に巻き込まれる』といった、ただ不安をあおろうとする無責任な言説が繰り返されてきた。批判が荒唐無稽であったことは、この70年の歴史が証明している」。

The prime minister also referred to the Self-Defense Forces as “our military” during a recent Diet debate.
防衛大学校の卒業式で、首相はこう訓示した。国会では自衛隊を「我が軍」と呼んだ。

Abe has used such phrases as “departure from the postwar regime” and “take back Japan.”
Do those words mean adventurism that implies that the brakes are just embarrassments and that the engine should be opened at full throttle?
 「戦後レジームからの脱却」「日本を取り戻す」とは、ブレーキなんか邪魔だ、エンジン全開でぶっ飛ばすぜという冒険主義のことなのだろうか。

“Now” is all that counts to those in the Abe administration. One might ask where they are heading, what makes them hurry so, and whether it is safe to do so.
But they would only respond: “Look at the way we are driving now. There was no administration before that dared to step so boldly on the gas pedal.” They will dismiss all criticism and say: “We are currently dead set on just heading forward for somewhere that is not here. Why do you want to meddle?”
 「いま」がすべて。どこに向かっているのか、なぜそんなに急ぐのか、危ないではないかと問うても、いまこの走りを見てくれ、こんなにアクセルを踏み込める政権はかつてなかっただろうと答えが返ってくる。とにかく前へ、ここではないどこかへと、いま必死に走っている最中なんだ、邪魔をするのかと、あらゆる批判をはねのける。

That sort of curious logic is all the rage.
 奇妙な論法が横行している。

MAN IN POWER HONKING HIS HORN
 ■権力者のクラクション

“Hakko ichiu,” a phrase that originally means “to bring the world under one roof,” was used during the Pacific War as a political slogan to justify Japan’s invasion of other nations.
 「八紘一宇(はっこういちう)」。もともとは世界を一つの家とする、という意味だが、太平洋戦争中は日本の侵略を正当化する標語として使われた。

But Junko Mihara, director of the LDP’s Women’s Affairs Division, took that phrase out of the historical context during a recent Diet session. She referred to it as an “ideology that Japan has cherished since its foundation.”
自民党の三原じゅん子女性局長は先日の国会で、そのような歴史的文脈を捨象し「日本が建国以来、大切にしてきた価値観」と紹介した。

Things are interpreted so that they are convenient to “me” (Japan), and no consideration is paid to the presence of others. Such a narrow-sighted and rough world view keeps popping up.
 「わたし」を中心にものごとを都合よく把握し、他者の存在をまったく考慮に入れない。狭隘(きょうあい)かつ粗雑な世界観が、あちこちから漏れ出している。

During a live appearance on a commercial TV station’s news program last year, Abe said that he believed the broadcaster was airing street interviews “selectively,” a practice that he found “odd.”
 首相は昨年、民放ニュース番組に出演し、テレビ局が「街の声」を「選んでいる」「おかしい」などと発言した。

When he was recently told in the Diet that saying such a thing could amount to applying pressure on news reporting, the prime minister dismissively said he had “freedom of speech,” creating a wag-the-dog situation.
先日の国会で、報道への介入と言われても仕方ないと批判されると「言論の自由だ」と突っぱねた。

“Freedom of speech,” which is a right of individuals not to be oppressed by those in power, is being brandished by the man in power.
 権力が抑圧してはならない個人の権利である「言論の自由」を権力者が振りかざすという倒錯。

The prime minister also said, “(Those who disagree with me) perhaps feared they could be refuted if they opened an argument with me.” He added: “Will they cringe at only that? Shame on them.”
首相はさらに「私に議論を挑むと論破されるのを恐れたのかもしれない」「それくらいで萎縮してしまう人たちなのか。極めて情けない」とも述べた。

Perhaps Abe lacks the fundamental awareness that he has the highest political power.
 ひょっとして首相は、最高権力者であるという自覚を根っこのところで欠いているのではないか。

One probably couldn’t be blamed for flinching momentarily if a large car comes nearby and honks. That is exactly why power should be exercised in a restrained manner so as not to cause the public to flinch.
巨大な車にクラクションを鳴らされたら、周囲が一瞬ひるんでしまうのは仕方ないだろう。だからこそ権力は国民をひるませないよう、抑制的に行使されねばならない。

No prime minister should be influenced by the impulsive inner calls of “now” and “me.”
首相たるもの「いま」「わたし」の衝動に流されるべきではない。

The shame should be directed at Abe, who has yet to learn the manners of a man in power, such as restraint and self-control, and keeps honking his horn as he drives around.
 情けないのは抑制や自制という権力の作法を身につけず、けたたましいクラクションを鳴らして走り回る首相の方である。

ANXIETY-RIDDEN SOCIETY
 ■不安社会とブレーキ

Yet, the Abe administration can continue on its wild run because the atmosphere of society is somehow backing that behavior.
 そうは言っても、安倍政権が激走を続けられるのは、社会の空気が、なんとなくそれを支えているからだろう。

A protracted economic slump; the rise of China; widening social disparity; the Great East Japan Earthquake; and the hostage-taking of two Japanese citizens by the Islamic State extremist group ... . Many factors have steadily built up frustration, a sense of crisis and anxiety about not knowing what is at the root of the anxiety.
 長引く不況。中国の台頭。格差社会の深刻化。さらに東日本大震災、過激派組織「イスラム国」(IS)による人質事件などを経て、焦燥感や危機意識、何が不安なのかわからない不安がじわじわと根を張ってきた。

“You could be defeated unless you worked as one under the nation to face challenges. So you should refrain from pouring cold water on the government and help the state achieve its best performance.”
 国ぐるみ一丸となって立ち向かわなければやられてしまう。国家が最高のパフォーマンスを発揮できるよう、政府の足を引っ張ってはいけない――。

Such sentiment is spreading.
そんな気分が広がり、

And this is perhaps indirectly causing the advent of a society where top-down decisions are preferred to thorough discussions, and the convenience of the state and groups of people are put ahead of the rights and freedoms of individuals.
熟議よりもトップダウン、個人の権利や自由よりも国家や集団の都合が優先される社会を、知らずしらず招き寄せてはいないだろうか。

When might is master, justice is servant.
 無理が通れば道理が引っ込む。

Elements that do not fit in collective unity are expelled under the labels of “anti-Japan” and “traitors.” An extremely infantile argument is being made that media criticism against Abe amounts to “hate speech” against him.
「反日」「売国奴」。一丸になじまぬものを排撃する一方で、首相に対する批判はメディアのヘイトスピーチだという極めて稚拙な言説が飛び出す。

It has recently been said that the media are cringing.
 昨今「メディアの萎縮」と呼ばれる事態も、

However, it is not merely a situation of the media flinching at the high-handed manners of the Abe administration. The actual situation is that the media are being mired in a “liquefied society” where reasoning has receded.
強権的な安倍政権にたじろいでいるという単純なものではなく、道理が引っ込み、液状化した社会に足を取られているというのが、

This is our actual, albeit shameful, feeling about the matter.
情けなくはあるが、率直な実感だ。

We should not shut our ears and turn a blind eye to a society where cars without brakes are honking loudly. Something could and should be done now by every single member of society, to say nothing of the media.
 ブレーキのない車のクラクションが鳴り響く社会。メディアが耳をふさいでやり過ごしてはならない。そしていま、この社会に生きる一人ひとりにも、できることはあるはずだ。

2015-03-26

(社説)辺野古移設 沖縄の問いに答えよ

--The Asahi Shimbun, March 24
EDITORIAL: High time for government to answer Okinawa’s questions
(社説)辺野古移設 沖縄の問いに答えよ

How long will the central government continue to blatantly and completely ignore Okinawa Prefecture’s requests and questions concerning the plan to relocate a key U.S. air base?
 政府はどこまで問答無用の姿勢を続けるつもりなのか。

Okinawa Governor Takeshi Onaga on March 23 ordered the Okinawa Defense Bureau to suspend within a week all work to relocate the U.S. Marine Corps Air Station Futenma in the crowded city of Ginowan to the Henoko district of Nago. The ongoing work includes a seabed drilling survey to prepare for land reclamation off Henoko.
 沖縄県の翁長雄志知事はきのう、米軍普天間飛行場(宜野湾市)の名護市辺野古沖への移設に伴う埋め立て工事に向けたボーリング調査など一連の作業を1週間以内に停止するよう、沖縄防衛局に指示した。

If the bureau refuses to obey his order, Onaga warns he will revoke the prefectural government’s permission, issued by his predecessor, Hirokazu Nakaima, in August last year, for rock reefs to be destroyed for the construction work.
 指示に従わなければ、昨年8月に仲井真弘多・前知事が出した「岩礁破砕許可」を取り消すとしている。

In a March 23 news conference, Onaga said, “I’ve made up my mind.” His move should be regarded as a strong signal of Okinawa’s will that this is effectively an ultimatum by the prefecture.
 翁長知事は会見で「腹を決めている」と述べた。沖縄側の最後通告ともいえる意思表示と考えるべきだろう。

In pursuing the plan to build an airbase in Henoko to replace the Futenma facilities, the central government has repeatedly said it would continue efforts to win support from people in Okinawa. In reality, however, the government has been quietly but steadily going ahead with the plan without paying any attention to Okinawa’s calls.
 これまでの経緯を振り返ると、「沖縄の方々の理解を得る努力を続けながら」と言ってきたはずの政府が実際には、沖縄の訴えに耳を閉ざして「粛々と」作業に突き進んできた状況がある。

Destruction of the rock reefs will alter the configuration of the seabed. To prevent a negative impact on marine resources, prefectural fisheries coordination regulations require advance permission from the prefectural governor for the destruction of such reefs.
 岩礁破砕は海底の地形を変化させる行為。水産資源への影響を避けるため、県漁業調整規則で知事の許可が必要だ。

The current row between the administration and the prefectural government began in January, when the Okinawa Defense Bureau, the Defense Ministry’s local branch, sank a number of massive concrete blocks onto the seabed as anchors for buoys and floats that indicate the off-limits zones.
 ことの発端は1月、沖縄防衛局が海底に大型のコンクリートブロックをいくつも沈めたことだった。

The blocks were sunk along the borders of the off-limits zones, which surround the areas where Nakaima approved the destruction of rock reefs for the construction work. This raised concerns about possible damage to coral reefs and other natural elements, prompting the prefectural government to start an on-site inspection on its own.
 ブロックの投下は、許可区域を広く取り囲むように設定された立ち入り禁止区域に沿って行われ、許可区域外の海底のサンゴ礁などが傷ついているおそれがある。県は独自調査に取り組み始めていた。

But the prefecture’s attempt to conduct an inspection in the off-limits areas was rejected by the U.S. military. The local government again submitted a request for U.S. permission for the inspection. When he ordered a suspension of the work, Onaga also asked the Defense Bureau to help with the prefectural government’s inspection.
 しかし立ち入り禁止区域での調査は米軍に拒まれ、県は再度調査を申請している。翁長知事は今回、防衛局に調査への協力も求めた。

Onaga, who defeated Nakaima in a gubernatorial election in November, initially called for a suspension of the work until an independent committee set up to assess Nakaima’s approval of land reclamation off Henoko reaches its conclusion.
 翁長知事は仲井真前知事が出した埋め立て承認を検証する第三者委員会の結論が出るまで、作業の中止を要求した。

But the Abe administration ignored his request and forged ahead with the drilling survey.
それを無視して政権側はボーリング作業に突き進んだ。

As for the sinking of concrete blocks, the administration has kept repeating that the Okinawa government headed by Nakaima said the act is not subject to procedures for approval. Tokyo has ignored the Okinawa government’s argument that its permission is required for sinking such massive blocks.
 政府はブロック投下について「(前知事時代に)県から岩礁破砕手続きの対象とならないと示されていた」と主張し続け、「対象となる」とする県の言い分に聞く耳を持たない。

Onaga was elected on a pledge to stop the relocation of the Futenma air base to Henoko. It is only natural for him to use his administrative powers to take action to promote Okinawa’s position on the issue.
 知事選で辺野古移設阻止を公約して当選した翁長知事にしてみれば、知事の行政権限を駆使して沖縄の立場を訴える行動に出るのは当然の流れだろう。

Criticizing Onaga’s move, Defense Minister Gen Nakatani said, “I hope he will give a little more consideration to the interests of Okinawa Prefecture and Japan’s national security in thinking” about the issue.
 知事の姿勢を、中谷防衛相は「もう少し沖縄県のことや日本の安全保障を踏まえて考えていただきたい」と批判する。

But people in Okinawa Prefecture, which is home to an overwhelmingly large proportion of the U.S. bases in Japan, have many questions about the government’s security policy, such as why a base must be built in Henoko and why U.S. Marines have to be stationed in the prefecture.
 だが、米軍基地が集中する沖縄の県民にとっては、国の安全保障政策は「なぜ辺野古か」「なぜ沖縄に海兵隊か」といった疑問だらけである。

The administration should make sincere and straightforward responses to these serious questions asked by Okinawa.
沖縄からの深刻な問いかけに、政府はまず向き合うべきだ。

2015-03-19

プーチン発言 「核準備」の恫喝は認められぬ

The Yomiuri Shimbun
Putin’s allusion to being prepared to use nuclear arms is intolerable
プーチン発言 「核準備」の恫喝は認められぬ

It was a threat in which an allusion was made over the use of nuclear weapons. His remarks, made as a leader of a nuclear power, were extremely inappropriate and irresponsible.
 核兵器に言及した威嚇である。核大国の指導者として極めて不穏当、無責任と言うほかない。

Russian President Vladimir Putin said, “We were ready to do it,” when asked if Russia was prepared to put its nuclear forces on alert over the country’s annexation of Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula last March.
 昨年3月のロシアによるウクライナのクリミア半島編入の経緯を巡り、プーチン露大統領が、核戦力を臨戦態勢に置くことについて「そうする用意があった」と発言した。

However, he defended himself by saying he believed the Crimea crisis would not evolve into a situation where Russia’s nuclear forces would actually be put into a state of combat readiness.
 一方で、クリミアの事態が核の臨戦態勢には発展しないと考えていた、とも弁明している。

Nonetheless, his remarks contain extremely serious elements and must not be ignored.
 それでも、発言は重大な問題を含んでおり、看過できない。

Under the basic guidelines governing its use of nuclear weapons, Russia will use nuclear weapons only in response to an all-out attack by weapons of mass destruction or if the existence of the Russian Federation is threatened.
 ロシアの核兵器運用の基本指針は、核の使用を、大量破壊兵器などの攻撃を受けた場合と、国家の存続が脅かされた場合に限る。

Around the time Russia annexed Crimea, it was not expected that the country would have to fight for its survival. Thus, Putin’s remarks made a mockery of these guidelines.
クリミア編入時にロシアが存続の危機に陥ることは想定されず、発言は基本指針を軽視している。

A senior official of the Russian Foreign Ministry said, “Russia, in principle, reserves the right to deploy its nuclear arsenal in Crimea.”
 露外務省高官は、「ロシアはクリミアに核を配備する権利を原則として持つ」とまで語った。

The series of remarks by Putin are construed as an attempt by Russia to make its control of Crimea a fait accompli by intimidating the United States and European countries to forestall any intervention.
 一連の発言には、米欧を恫喝どうかつし、その干渉を排することにより、クリミア支配の既成事実化を図る狙いがうかがえる。

Russia’s wisdom must be called into question. As a permanent member of the U.N. Security Council, the country is responsible for maintaining world peace.
 世界の平和に責任を持つべき国連安全保障理事会の常任理事国としての見識が疑われよう。

Running counter to NPT

A U.S. State Department spokeswoman criticized Putin’s remarks, saying the Russian president has admitted to the whole world that Russian troops not only intervened in Crimea but also were ready to take more aggressive action. Her criticism cannot be faulted.
 米国務省報道官は、プーチン発言について「ロシア軍によるクリミア介入にとどまらず、もっと攻撃的な行動を取る用意すらあったと世界中に公言したことになる」と批判した。当然だろう。

The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty calls on signatory countries, including Russia, not to threaten the territorial integrity of other nations with the use of force. It is obvious that Putin’s latest remarks run counter to the spirit of this international treaty.
 核拡散防止条約(NPT)は、ロシアを含む加盟国に、他国の領土保全を武力で脅かさないよう求めている。今回の発言がNPTの精神にも反するのは明らかだ。

What is of great concern is that Russia over the past few years has built up its nuclear capability. This also runs against the international trend of nuclear disarmament in the post-Cold War era, a trend symbolized by the signing of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty by the United States and Russia.
 懸念されるのは、ロシアがここ数年、核戦力を増強していることだ。米露の中距離核戦力(INF)全廃条約など、冷戦後の核軍縮の流れに逆行する。

In his latest remarks, Putin said, “We never thought about severing Crimea from Ukraine until the moment that these events began [with the Ukraine] government overthrow.” With this comment, he admitted that Russia took actions to annex Crimea immediately after Ukraine’s pro-Moscow government led by President Viktor Yanukovych was overthrown in February last year.
 プーチン氏は今回、「ウクライナ政変まではクリミアを奪取しようと考えていなかった」と述べた。昨年2月の親露派ウクライナ政権の崩壊直後、クリミア編入に向けて動いたことを認めたものだ。

His remarks contradicted his earlier assertion that Russia annexed Crimea because he respected the results of the referendum held last March.
 クリミア編入は「(昨年3月の)住民投票結果を尊重した」との従来の主張を覆したことになる。

It has been pointed out that Russian special forces intervened and conducted various maneuvers to have the referendum carried out in Crimea.
実際、クリミアの住民投票を実現するため、ロシア軍の特殊部隊が介入し、様々な工作活動を実施したとの指摘が出ている。

Putin, who has unilaterally been changing the status quo by force, is becoming a serious cause of uncertainty.
 一方的な「力による現状変更」を進めるプーチン氏は、重大な不安定要因となりつつある。

The international community, while financially supporting Ukraine and maintaining its pressure on Russia, must call on Putin to refrain from embarking on any more adventures through words or deeds.
 国際社会は、ウクライナを財政支援しつつ、対露圧力を維持し、プーチン氏に冒険主義的な言動の自制を促さねばならない。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, March 18, 2015)